As colonial African states and their institutions prepared for independence, the question of how to “Africanize” their workforce created challenges and opportunities. While some institutions pursued strategic and well-planned transitions, others had to improvise and scramble to ensure continuity of expertise, funding, and legitimacy. This panel will consider diverse institutions such as the civil service, research institutes, universities, health care facilities, judicial institutions, and security forces. Papers may interrogate the meaning of Africanization, its goals, the means by which transitions from expatriate to African staff were planned and executed, the timing of these transitions and how they fit in with the existing periodization of decolonization, how relationships with partner institutions outside the continent were managed, and the long-term consequences of these transitions.

Please email brief abstracts (up to 200 words) and titles to julia-cummiskey[at] by February 28 for consideration. The panel will be finalized no later than March 10 for submission to ASA. The final panel abstract will reflect the scope of topics and issues addressed in the individual papers.