INFLUENCE OF COPING STRATEGIES, SELF-CONCEPT AND EDUCATIONAL LEVEL ON MARITAL STRESS
Sub-theme: Women, Gender, and Sexualities
Marital stress plays an important role in understanding the quality and stability of marital unions. The study investigated the influence of coping strategies, self-concept and educational level on marital stress among married working women. The participants comprised of 377 women selected from two universities in Enugu. Age ranged from 25 – 55 years with mean age of 40.63. They responded to Omoluabi (1994) Marital Stress Inventory, Ezeilo (1982) Semantic Differential Self-Concept Scale and Moos, Cronkite & Finney (1990) Health and Daily Living Form: Adult Form B. A 2 x 2 x 2 Analysis of Variance with unequal sample sizes was used to analyze the data. The results showed that two main effects of coping strategies and educational level were significant. Thus, the results showed that married working women who adopted problem-focused strategies presented more marital stress symptoms than those who adopted emotion-focused strategies F(1, 369) = 4.44, p<. 05; those with lower educational level presented more marital stress symptoms than those with higher educational level F(1, 369) = 6.33, p<.05. The results also showed that there was significant interaction effects of coping strategies and self-concept F(1, 369) = 5.88, p<. 05; self-concept and educational level F(1, 369) = 4.18 p<. 05. PLEASE CONTACT ANTHONIA CHIGOZIE NWATU BY EMAIL: toniaksly@yahoo.com