The role of pastoralists has become increasingly critical in several Sahelian and West African conflicts in Nigeria, Chad, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Mali, and Niger. While pastoralists have a long history of insecurity related to their extreme and arid environments, ethnic tensions, and mobility, interactions with states and other groups has become increasingly violent. This panel examines the complex and diverse dimensions of pastoralist insecurity in the Sahel and West Africa region through the lens of insecurity, borders, mobility, food security, governance, ethnic tensions, and extremism.

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